How to recognise Stammering in Children?
According to the World Health Organisation’s definition, stammering is a disorder of the rhythm of speech in which the patient knows precisely what he would like to say, but at the same time is unable to say it due to arrests, repetitions and/or prolongations of a sound involuntary.
The onset of stammering in adulhood is uncommon. The condition usually occurs during childhood development, mostly in children aged 3 to 6 years (primary stuttering) and it will spontaneously disappear in time in most cases. Sometimes the problem can also be found at a later stage, in children aged 6 to 14 (secondary stuttering) as a chronic evolution of primary dyslalia.
According to DSM-5 definitions, stammering:
- causes anxiety in speaking and/or limits the effectiveness of communication, social participation and/or academic or work performance.
- Appears during the early phases of childhood development
- Is not caused by a motor or sensorial deficit or other medical condition, and is not specifically linked to other mental health conditions.
Stuttering is an emotional-psychological disorder, not to a disease. There is no single cause for the onset of stammering in a child. Rather, it seems clear that it is the result of a series of multifactorial stimuli (physical, due to stress, anxiety, insecurity, shyness or traumatic events).